1. Many journals, authors and theorists have web sites to consult.

2. On feminist sources see also other entries in bibliography of Chapter 9. Feminist, Antipatriarchal and Women's Studies Theories of Anger and Humor.

3. On Religious Insight Humor see bibliography in Chapter 10.

Abercrombie, David. "RP and Local Accent." Studies in Phonetics and Linguistics. London: Oxford University Press 1965:Ch. 2:10-15.

Adams, Carol. The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory. NY: Continuum 1990.

Adams, James. Conceptual Blockbusting. San Francisco Book Co. 1976.

Aikin, John. Essays Literary and Miscellaneous 1811 (cf. Shibles 1971a:25)

Aldington, Richard. "Modem Poetry and the Imagists." The Egoist 1 (1914) 201-203.

Aldrich, Virgil. "Visual Metaphor." Journal of Aesthetic Education 2 (1968) 73-86.

Alexander, Richard. Aspects of Verbal Humour in English. Tübingen: Narr 1997.

Allen, Everett. Famous American Humorous Poets. NY: Dodd, Mead 1968.

Allers, Rudolf, von. "Vom Nutzen den Gefahren der Metapher in der Psychologie." Jahrbuch für Psychologie und Psychotherapie 3 (1955) 3-15.

Altbach, Edith; J. Clausen; D. Schultz; N. Stephan, eds. German Femimism: Readings in Politics and Literature. NY: SUNY Press 1984.

American Association for Therapeutic Humor

Amos, Ben. "The Myth of Jewish Humor." Western Folklore 32 (1973) 112-131.

Analysis. "Problem No. 19." 42, 3 (1982) 115. Reply 43, 3 (1983) 113-118.

Andersson, Lars, and P. Trudgill. Bad Language. London: Penguin 1990.

Andrews, Robert. The Columbia Dictionary of Quotations. NY: Columbia University 1993.

Angeles, Peter, ed. Critiques of God. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books 1976.

Anscombe, G. "On Frustration of the Majority by the Fulfilment of the Minority's Will." Analysis 36, 4 (1976) 161-168.

Apte, Mahadev. Humor and Laughter: An Anthropological Approach. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1985. (See web site.)

Apter, Michael, and Smith. "Humour and the Theory of Psychological Reversals." in Chapman & Foot 1976:25-100.

Apter, Michael. Motivational Styles in Everyday Life: A Guide to Reversal Theory. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association 2001.

Apter, Michael. Reversal Theory: Motivation, Emotion and Personality. London: Routledge 1989. (cf. Murgatroyd 1987).

Aquila, Richard. Rhyme or Reason: A Limerick History of Philosophy. Washington, DC: University Press of America 1981.

Aristotle. Poetics. Tr. H. Fyfe. London: Heinemann 1927.

Aristotle. Rhetoric and Poetics. W. Roberts, trans. NY: Random House 1954.

Aristotle. Tractatus Coislinianus. (See Cooper 1922.)

Arnold, Magda. Feelings and Emotion. NY: Academic Press 1970.

Ascher, L. M., ed. Therapeutic Paradox. NY: Guilford 1989.

Attardo, Salvatore, and V. Raskin." Script Theory Revis(i)ted: Joke Similarity and Joke Representation Model." Humor: IJHR 4 (1991) 293-347.

Attardo, Salvatore. "Irony as Relevant Inappropriateness." Journal of Pragmatics 32, 6 (2000) 793-826.

Attardo, Salvatore. "Review of W. Sobkowiak Metaphonology of English Paronomasic Puns." Humor:IJHR 7 (1994a) 299-307.

Attardo, Salvatore. "The Semantic Foundations of Cognitive Theories of Humor." Humor: IJHR 10, 4 (1997) 395-420.

Attardo, Salvatore. From Linguistics to Humor Research and Back. IN: Purdue University, Ph.D. diss. 1991. (Advisor: V. Raskin) (See web site.)

Attardo, Salvatore. Humorous Texts: A Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter 2001.

Attardo, Salvatore. Linguistic Theories of Humor. Berlin: Mouton 1994. Reviewed by W. Shibles, "Review of Attardo Linguistic Theories of Humor." Studies in Language 20 (1996a) 667-696. See Chapter 7 for review.) (Advisor of Hempelmann thesis 2000)

Austin, John. "Performative Utterances." Philosophical Papers. Oxford: Clarendon 1961.

Austin, John. "Plea for Excuses." Repr. in D. Gustafson, ed. Essays in Philosophical Psychology NY: Doubleday 1964:1-29.

Australasian Journal of Comedy (University of NSW 1995-present.)

Ayre, Leslie, ed. The Wit of Music. London: Frewin 1966.

Babcock, Barbara, ed. The Reversible World: Symbolic Inversion in Art and Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1978.

Bader, Michael. "The Analyist's Use of Humor." Psychoanalytic Quarterly 62 (1993) 23-51.

Bain, Alexander. Emotion and the Will. London 1865.

Baker, Gale. "Is Equality Enough?" Hypatia 2 (1) (1987) 63-65.

Baker, Russell, ed. The Norton Book of Light Verse. NY: Norton 1986.

Baker, Sheridan. The Complete Stylist. esp. 155-158. NY: Thomas Crowell 1966.

Bander, E. "Legal Humor Dissected." Law Library Journal 75, 2 (1982) 289-298.

Bannen, J. "Use of Humor in Psychotherapy." International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 5, 2 (1982) 81-86.

Barber, Benjamin. Liberating Feminism. NY: Dell 1976.

Barbour, Stephen, and P. Stevenson. Variation in German. Cambridge Univ. Press 1990.

Barfield, Owen. Poetic Diction. Orig. 1928. NY: McGraw-Hill 1964.

Barker, Philip. Using Metaphors in Psychotherapy. NY: Brunner/Mazel 1985.

Barnes, Linda. The Dialectics of Black Humor. Bern: Peter Lang 1978.

Barreca, Regina, ed. Last Laughs: Perspectives on Women and Comedy. NY: Gordon Breach 1988.

Barreca, Regina, ed. New Perspectives on Women and Comedy. Philadelphia, PA: Gordon and Breach 1992.

Barreca, Regina, ed. The Penguin Book of Women's Humor. NY: Penguin 1996.

Barreca, Regina. They Used to Call Me Snow White-But I Drifted: Women's Strategic Use of Humor. NY: Viking 1991.

Barrett, Michele. Women's Oppression Today. London: NLB 1980.

Barrett, Robert M. The Assault of Laughter: Black Humor as a Contemporary American Fictional Form. Ph.D. diss. 1977. (Diss. Abstr. 38, A, 259-A)

Barron, James. Humor and Psyche: Psychoanalytic Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press 1999.

Barry, Brian. "Is Democracy Special?" P. Laslett, J. Fishkin, eds. Philosophy, Politics and Society. Yale University Press 1979:155-196.

Barth, John. The Sot-Weed Factor. London: Panther Books 1965.

Basow, Susan. Gender Stereotypes, 2nd ed. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole 1986.

Basu, S. "Dialogic Ethics and the Virtue of Humor." Journal of Political Problems 7, 5 (1999) 378-403.

Bateson, G. "The Role of Humor in Human Communication." In Foerster, ed. Cybernetics. NY: Macey Foundation 1953. (Gestalt approach. cf. Maier 1932)

Baudelaire, Charles. Oeuvres Complètes. 15 vols. Paris: L. Conard 1923-1952.

Baudelaire, Charles. The Essence of Laughter and other Essays, Journals and Letters. P. Quennell, ed. NY: Meridian Books 1956.

Beard, Henry, and Christopher Cerf. The Official Sexually Correct Dictionary and Dating Guide. NY: Villard Books 1995.

Beardsley, Monroe. "The Metaphorical Twist." Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (1962) 293-307.

Beardsley, Monroe. Aesthetics. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World 1958:133-147, 159-162.

Beck, C. "Humor in Nursing Practice: A Phenomenological Study." International Journal of Nursing Studies 34, 5 (1997) 346-352.

Bedford, E. "Emotions." Essays in Philosophical Psychology. D. Gustafson, ed. NY: Doubleday 1964: 77-98.

Benarde, Melvin. The Chemicals We Eat. NY: McGraw-Hill 1971.

Bennett, Gillian, ed. Spoken in Jest. Sheffield: Univ of Sheffield Academic Press 1991.

Bennett, Mary P. The Effect of Mirthful Laughter on Stress and Natural Killer Cell Cytotoxicity. Ph.D. diss. Rush University College of Nursing 1988. (See web site on humor and medicine)

Berger, Arthur A. An Anatomy of Humor. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publ. 1993.

Berger, Arthur. A. Blind Men and Elephants: Perspectives on Humor. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publ. 1994.

Berger, Arthur. A. The Art of Comedy Writing. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction 1997.

Bergler, Edmund. Laughter and the Sense of Humor. NY: Intercontinental Medical Book 1956. (Freudian)

Bergmann, Merrie. "How Many Feminists Does it Take to Make a Joke? Sexist Humor and What is Wrong with It." Hypatia 1, 1 (1986) 63-82.

Bergson, Henri. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic. (Le rire 1900) NY: Macmillan 1911. (cf. Sypher 1956)

Berlyne, D. "Arousal and Reinforcement." in D. Levine, ed. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. University of Nebraska Press 1967.

Berlyne, D. "Laughter, Humor and Play." G. Lindzey & E. Aronson, eds. Handbook of Social Psychology. Vol. 3. MA: Addison-Wesley 1954:795-852.

Berlyne, D. Aesthetics and Psychobiology. NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts 1971.

Berlyne, D. Conflict, Arousal and Curiosity. Ch. 9. NY: McGraw-Hill 1960.

Berman, Jaye. "Women's Humor." Contemporary Literature 31 (2) (1990) 251-260.

Bernhardt, J. Humor in der Psychotherapie. Weinheim: Belz 1985.

Bernstein, Leonard.The Unanswered Question. Cambridge: Harvard University Press 1976.

Best, Otto. Der Witz als Erkenntnis und Formprinzip. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1989.

Best, Otto. Volk ohne Witz: Über ein deutsches Defizit. Frankfurt a.M.: Fischer 1993.

Bier, Jesse. "Sick Humor and the Function of Comedy." Humanist 39 (1979) 45-49. (Reprinted in Helitzer, ed. 1984:49-53.

Bier, Jesse. "The Problem of the Polish Joke in Derogatory American Humor." Humor: IJHR 1 & 2 (1988) 135-141.

Binsted, Kim, and G. Richie. "Computational Rules for Generating Punning Riddles." Humor: 1JHR 10, 1 (1997) 25-76.

Binsted, Kim. Machine Humour: An Implemented Model of Puns. Scotland: University of Edinburgh Ph.D. diss.1996.

Birkenbihl, Vera. An ihrem Lachen sollt 1hr Sie erkennen. Landsberg: Moderne Verlagsgesellschaft MVO 2001.

Bischofberger, I. "Achtung! Humor kann Ihrer Krankheit schaden." Krankenpflege 9 (1994) 8-12. [Antihumor]

Black, Donald W. "Pathological Laughter: A Review of the Literature." Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders 170 (1982) 67-71.

Blair, Douglas & R. Pollak. "Rational Collective Choice." Scientific American 249, 2 (1983) 88-95.

Blanshard, Paul. God and Man in Washington. Boston: Beacon Press 1960.

Blanshard, Paul. Religion and the Schools. Boston: Beacon Press 1963.

Bleier, Ruth. Feminist Approaches to Science. NY: Pergamon 1986.

Bloomfield, J. "Humour in Psychotherapy and Analysis." International Journal of Social Psychiatry 26 (1980) 135-141.

Bloomfield, Morton. "A Grammatical Approach to Personification Allegory." Modern Philology 60 (1963) 161-171.

Blum, A. "Humor und Witz." Daseinanalyse 1 (1984) 216-230.

Blumenfeld, E., and L. Alpern. Humor at Work. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree Publ. 1994.

Blumenfeld, Warren. Pretty Ugly: More Oxymorons and Other Illogical Expressions that Make Absolute Sense. NY: Perigee 1989.

Blyth, Reginald H. Haiku. 4 vols. (Orig. 1949) Hokuseido Press 1965.

Blyth, Reginald H. Oriental Humour. Japan: Hokuseido Press 1959.

Boch, Raoul. Les faux amis aux aguets: Dizionario di false analogie e ambigue affinità tra Francese e Italiano. Bologna: Zanichelli 1988.

Bochenski, I. M. A History of Formal Logic. I. Thomas, trans. Esp. 130-133. University of Notre Dame Press 1961.

Bok, Sissela. Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. NY: Pantheon 1978; 1999 edition is basically unrevised.

Bonsiepe, Gui. "Visual/Verbal Rhetoric." [Reprinted in Shibles (MB 1972b:155-161)] Dot Zero 2 (1967) 37-42.

Booth, Wayne. A Rhetoric of Irony. University of Chicago Press 1974.

Borev, Yuri. 0 komicheskom. Moscow 1957.

Boston, Richard. An Anatomy of Laughter. London: Collins 1974.

Boulton, Marjorie. "Figures of Speech." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9th ed. (1968) 257-260.

Bowles, Gloria and R. Duelli Klein, eds. Theories of Women's Studies. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul 1983.

Boyer, Jay. "The Schlemiezel: Black Humor and the Shtetl Tradition." In Ziv 1993:3-12.

Bremmer, Jan, and H. Rodenburg, eds, A Cultural History of Humour: From Antiquity to Present Day. Malden, MA: Blackwell, Cambridge; UK: Polity Press 1997.

Breton, André. Anthology of Black Humor. Tr. M. Polizzotti. San Francisco, CA: City Lights 1997.

Breton, André. Manifestos of Surrealism. Tr. from French. Ann Arbor, MI: Univ. of Michigan Press1969.

Breton, André. Surrealism. Herbert Read, ed. NY: Praeger 1971.

Broad, C. D. "Emotion and Sentiment." Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 13 (19-54) 203-214.

Brooke, Nicholas. Horrid Laughter in Jacobean Tragedy. NY: Barnes & Noble 1970.

Brooke-Rose, Christine. Amalgamemmon. Manchester: Carcanet 1984. (cf. A Grammar of Metaphor 1958)

Brooks, Cleanth. "The Language of Paradox." Criticism: The Foundation of Modern Literary Judgment. M Schorer, et al., eds. NY: Harcourt Brace 1948.

Brown, Adam, ed. Teaching English Pronunciation. London: Routledge 1991.

Brown, James. "Eight Types of Puns." PMLA 71 (1956) 14-26.

Bruce, Robert. That's Not Funny, That's Sick: A Bittersweet Taste of American Black Humor. Texas A & M Univ. Ph.D. diss.1997.

Brunvand, Jan. "A Classification for Shaggy Dog Stories." Journal ofAmerican Folklore 76 (1963) 42-68.

Buckman, Elcha, ed. The Handbook of Humor: Clinical Applications in Psychotherapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger 1994.

Bullough, E. "Psychical Distance as a Factor in Art and an Aesthetic Principle." British Journal of Psychology 5 (1912-13) 87-118.

Bulwer-Lytton, Edward; D. Jerrold, and Thomas De Quincey. The Arts of Cheating, Swindling and Murder. NY: Arnold 1925.

Bunkers, S. Why are these Women Laughing? The Power and Politics of Women's Humor." Studies in American Humor: IJHR 4, 2 (1985) 82-93.

Burbridge, Roger. The Nature and Potential of Therapeutic Humor. Ph.D. diss. California Institute of Asian Studies 1978.

Burke, Kenneth. "Four Master Tropes." Kenyon Review 3 (1941) 421-438.

Burke, Kenneth. Attitudes Toward History. Los Angeles, CA: Hermes 1959.

Burke, Kenneth. Permanence and Change. Illinois: Bobbs-Merrill 1954.

Buxman, Karyn, and Anne LeMoine, eds. Nursing Perspectives on Humor. Staten Island, NY: Power Publ. 1995.

Buytendijk, F. "The Phenomenological Approach to the Problem of Feelings and Emotions." In M. Reymert, ed. Feelings and Emotions. Orig. 1928. NY: McGraw-Hill 1950.

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Campbell, J. and H. Robinson, A Skeleton Key to Finnegan's Wake. NY: Harcourt 1944.

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Caputi, Anthony. Buffo: The Genius of Vulgar Comedy. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press 1978.

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Carrell, Amy Thomas. "Joke Competence and Humor Competence." Humor: IJHR 10 (1997b) 173-185.

Carrell, Amy Thomas. An Audience-Based Linguistic/Rhetorical Theory of Humor. Ph.D. diss. Purdue University 1993.

Carroll, Lewis (pseudonym of Charles Dodgson). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking-Glass. NY: New American Library 1960. (cf. Carroll, Lewis. The Complete Works of Lewis Carroll. Orig. 1939, NY: Random House 1966.)

Carroll, Noel. "Horror and Humor." Journal ofAesthetics and Art Criticism 57, 2 (1999) 145-160.

Carston, Robyn, et al. eds. Relevance Theory: Applications and Implications.[ Pragmatism and Beyond, new ser. 37] John Benjamins 1998.

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Chafe, Wallace. "Humor as a Disabling Mechanism." American Behavioral Scientist 30, 1 (1987) 16-26.

Chapman, Antony, and H. Foot, eds. It's a Funny Thing Humour. (1976 Humor conference, Cardiff) NY: Pergamon 1977.

Chapman, Antony, and Hugh Foot, eds. Humour and Laughter: Theory, Research and Applications. London: Wiley 1976. (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers 1996) (cf. McGhee 1980)

Chapman, Antony, and N. Gadfield. "Is Sexual Humor Sexist." Journal of Communication 26 (1976) 141-153.

Chestain, Stephanie. The Genderizing of Humor: Toward a Feminist Narrative. University of Washington, Ph.D. diss. 1996.

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Choi, Yoon-Sook. Humor in the Piano Sonatas of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Ph.D. diss. University of Washington 2000.

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Clark, Michael. "Humour, Laughter, and the Structure of Thought." British Journal of Aesthetics 27, 3 (1987).

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Cobb, Karen. Theatre of the Absurd. Montreaux, WA: Minerva 1995.

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Cohen, Sarah, Blacher, ed. Comic Relief. Humor in Contemporary American Literature. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press (1978) 1992.

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Dundes, Alan. Cracking Jokes: Studies of Sick Humor Cycles & Stereotypes. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press 1987.

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Eastman, Max. The Enjoyment of Poetry. NY: Scribners 1913.

Eastman, Max. The Literary Mind. NY: Scribners 1932.

Eastman, Max. The Sense of Humor. NY: Scribners 1921; NY: Octagon 1972.

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Eisenstein, Zillah. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. NY: Longman 1981.

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Ellis, Albert. Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy. NY: Lyle Stuart 1962. Rev. ed. NY: Carol Publishing Group 1994.

Elshtain, Jean. Public Men, Private Women. NJ: Princeton University Press 1981.

Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9th ed. 1968. (See web site.)

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Engel, Morris. With Good Reason: An Introduction to Informal Fallacies. NY: St. Martin's 1976.

Epstein, Bert. The Use of Humor in Cognition-Behavioral Therapy in Outpatient Depressed Male Adolescents. California School of Professional Psychology, Berkeley/Alameda. Psy. D. 1996.

Erickson, John D. "Surrealist Black Humor as Oppositional Discourse." Symposium: A Quarterly Journal in Modern Foreign Literature 42 (1988) 198-215.

Erickson, Milton, ed. Hypnotic Realities: The Induction of Clinical Hypnosis and Forms of Indirect Suggestion. NY: Irvington 1976.

Esar, Evan. The Comic Encyclopedia. Garden City, NY: Doubleday 1978.

Esar, Evan. The Humor of Humor. London: Phoenix House 1954.

Escarpit, R. L'humour. Paris: PUF 1963.

Esslin, Martin. The Theatre of the Absurd. NY: Penguin 1961.

Evans, Maurice. "Metaphor and Symbol in the Sixteenth Century." Essays in Criticism 3 (1953) 267-284.

Eysenck, H. J. "The Appreciation of Humor: An Experimental and Theoretical Study." British Journal of Psychology 32 (1942) 295-309.

Eysenck, H. J. Dimensions of Personality. London: Routledge 1947.

Fahey, Tom. The Joys of Jargon. NY: Barron's 1990.

Falkenberg, G. Lügen. Tübingen: Niemeyer, Sect. 19. 1982. (He claims that the Liar is not a paradox.)

Falletta, Nicholas. The Paradoxicon. (Doubleday 1983) NY: Wiley 1990.

Faludi, Susan. Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women. NY: Crown 1991.

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Fass, Dan. Processing Metonymy and Metaphor. Greenwich, CT: Ablex 1997.

Fay, Allen. Making Things Better by Making Them Worse. NY: Hawthorn 1978. (Paradoxical therapy)

Feibleman, James. "The Meaning of Comedy." In J. Stolnitz, ed. Aesthetics. NY: Macmillan 1972.

Feinberg, Leonard. The Secret of Humor. Amsterdam: Rodopi l978.

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Ferguson, Donald. Music as Metaphor. University of Minnesota Press 1960.

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Fisher, Seymour, and Rhoda L. Fisher. Pretend the World is Funny and Forever: A Psychological Analysis of Comedians, Clowns and Actors. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum 1981.

Fishkin, James. Tyranny and Legitimacy: A Critique of Political Theories. Johns Hopkins Press 1979.

Fleet, F.R. A Theory of Wit and Humour. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat (1890) 1970.

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Flynn, J. The Complete Idiot's Guide to DOS. Carmel, IN: Alpha Books 1993.

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Fowlie, Wallace. Age of Surrealism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 1960.

Fraley, Barbara. Humor as the Mechanism for Creating Feelings of Closeness Between Strangers. Ph.D. diss. SUNY: Stony Brook, NY 1999.

Frankl, Viktor. Man's Search for Ultimate Meaning: An Introduction to Logotherapy. From Death Camp to Existentialism. Tr. I. Lash. (Ein Psycholog erlebt das Konzentrationslager 1946) NY: Insight 1997; NY: Simon & Schuster (1959) 1962.

Frankl, Viktor. Psychotherapy and Existentialism: Selected Papers on Logotherapy. NY: Washington Square 1967.

Frankl, Viktor. The Doctor and the Soul: From Psychotherapy to Logo Therapy. Tr. R. & C. Winston. NY: Vintage 1966. (Arzliche Sorge 1946).

Frankl, Viktor. The Unheard Cry for Meaning: Psychotherapy and Humanism. NY: Simon & Schuster; Touchstone 1978.

Frankl, Viktor. The Will to Meaning: Foundations and Applications of Logotherapy. (Wille zum Sinn 2nd ed. 1978; NY: New American Library 1988) NY: World Pub. 1969.

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Franzini, L. R. "Feminism and Women's Sense of Humor." Sex Roles 35,11/12 (1996) 811-819.

Freese, Onno. Die besten Ostfriesenwitze. Niedernhausen/Ts: Falken 1989.

Freisinger, Randall. To Move Wild Laughter in the Throat of Death: An Anatomy of Black Humor. Ph.D. diss. Columbia: University of Missouri 1975.

Freud, Sigmund. "On Humor." International Journal of Psychoanalysis 9 (1938) 1-6.

Freud, Sigmund. Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious. J. Strachey, trans. NY: Norton 1960.

Fridlund, and J. Loftis, "Relations between Tickling and Humorous Laughter-Preliminary Support for the Darwin-Hecker Hypothesis." Biological Psychology 30, 2 (1990) 141-150.

Fried, A., and J. Keller. Humor und Identität. Frankfurt a.M.: Haag & Herchen 1991.

Friedan, Betty. The Second Stage. NY: Sunimet 1981.

Friedman, H. Encyclopedia of Mental Health. San Francisco: Academic 1998 (cf. Kuiper)

Frijda, Nico. The Emotions. Cambridge University Press 1980.

Frings, W. Humor in der Psychoanalyse. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer 1996.

Fry, William F., Jr. "Humor and Paradox." American Behavioral Scientist 30, 1 (1987) 42-71.

Fry, William F., Jr. "Physiologic Effects of Humor, Mirth, and Laughter." Journal of the American Medical Association 267, 13 (1992) 1857-1858.

Fry, William F., Jr. Sweet Madness: A Study of Humor. Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books 1957.

Fry, William F., Jr., and M. Allen. Life Studies of Comedy Writers: Creating Humor. [Making 'em Laugh] New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction 1998.

Fry, William F., Jr., and Salameh, W., eds. Advances in Humor and Psychotherapy. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resources Exchange 1993.

Fry, William F., Jr., and W. Salameh, eds. Handbook of Humor in Psychotherapy. Sarasota,FL: Professional Resource Exchange1987.

Furies, Mariana. Laughing Matters: Live Creatively with Laughter. Dublin: New Leaf 2001.

Furman, B., and T. Ahola. "The Use of Humour in Brief Therapy." Journal of Strategic and Systemic Therapies 7, 3 (1988) 3-20.

Gabin, Rosalind. "Humor as Metaphor, Humor as Rhetoric." Centennial Review 31, 1 (1987) 33-46.

Gale, Steven, ed. Encyclopedia of American Humorists. NY: Garland 1988.

Gale, Steven, ed. Encyclopedia of British Humorists: Geofftey Chaucer to John Cleese. 2 vols. NY: Garland 1996.

Gamble, Jennifer. "Wild Ape Behavior and Implications for Humor Capacity." Humor: IJHR 14, 2 (2001) 163-174. (cf. Patterson & Linden 1981)

Gardner, M. Gotcha. Paradoxien für den Homo Ludens. München: Hugendubel 1985.

Gates, Eunice. The Metaphors of Luis de Góngora. Ph.D. diss. University of Pennsylvania 1933.

Gaut, Berys. "Just Joking." Philosophy and Literature 22, 1 (1998) 51-68.

Gehrs, Jenny. Komische Philosophie-Philosophische Komik. Heidelberg: Manutius Verlag 1996.

Geier, Manfred. Das Sprachspiel der Philosophen. Von Parmenides bis Wittgenstein. Reinbeck bei Hamburg 1989.

Gelven, Michael. Truth and the Comedic Art. NY: SUNY 2000.

Georges, Robert, and A. Dundes. "Toward a Structural Definition of the Riddle." Journal of American Folklore 76 (1963) 111-118.

Gerler, William. Educator's Treasury of Humor for All Occasions. West Nyack, NY: Parker Publ. 1972.

Gernhard, Robert. Was gibt's denn da zu lachen? Kritik der Komiker. Kritik der Kritiker. Kritik der Komik. Zürich. Darin: Versuch einer Annäherung an eine Feldtheorie der Komik. 1988.

Gerz, H. Über 7jährige Erfahrungen mit der logotherapeutischen Technik der paradox. Intention." Zeitschrift für Psychotherapie und medizinische Psychologie 16 (1966) 25-33.

Gibbons, Thomas. Rhetoric. Orig. London 1767. Menston, England: Scholar Press 1969.

Giles, H. N.; J. Coupland, K. Henwood, J. Harriman. "The Social Meaning of RP: An Intergenerational Perspective." In Ramsaran 1990: 191-211.

Gilman, Charlotte. Herland. NY: Pantheon (1915) 1979.

Giora, Rachel, and 0. Fein. "Irony Comprehension: The Graded Salience Hypothesis." Humor: IJHR 12, 4 (1999) 425-436.

Glasgow, R. D. Madness, Masks and Laughter: An Essay on Comedy. NJ, London, Canada: Associated University Presses 1995.

Glasgow, R. D. The Comedy of Mind: Philosophers Stoned, or the Pursuit of Wisdom. Lanham, MD: Oxford: University Press of America 1999.

Godwin, William. Enquiry Concerning Political Justice and Its Influence on Morals and Happiness. University of Toronto Press 1946.

Goldfield, Bina. The Efemcipated English Handbook. NY: Westover Press 1983.

Goldie, Peter. The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Oxford: Clarendon Press 2000.

Goldin, E. and T. Bordan, "The Use of Humor in Counseling: The Laughing Game." Journal of Counseling and Development 77, 4 (1999) 405-410.

Golding, William. The Spire. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World 1964.

Goldman. M. The Sociology of Negro Humor. Ph.D. diss. NY: New School for Social Research 1960.

Goldstein, Jeffrey, and Paul McGhee, eds. Handbook of Humor Research. 2 vols. NY: Springer 1983.

Goldstein, Jeffrey, and Paul McGhee, eds. The Psychology of Humor. NY: Academic Press 1972.

Goldstein, Laurence. "Humor and Harm." Sorite (Nov. 1995) 27-42.

Goldstein, Laurence. "The Linguistic Interest of Verbal Humor." Humor: IJHR 3, 1 (1990) 37-52.

Goldstein, Laurence. "The Paradox of the Liar-A Case of Mistaken Identity." Analysis 45 (1985) 12.

Gomez, Sonia. Schizophrenia: Its Effect in Humor Appreciation. Mass. School of Professional Psychology. Psy.D. 2000.

Góngora, don Luis de. (See E. Gates.)

Goodman, Joel. See Laughing Matters.

Goodman, Linda. Sun Signs. Orig. 1968. NY: Bantam 1986.

Göpel, E., and U. Schneider-Wohlfart. Provokationen zu Gesundheit. Frankfurt a.M.: Mabuse Verlag 1995.

Gordon, David. Therapeutic Metaphors. Cupertino, CA: Meta 1978.

Gordon, Jesse. Handbook of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. NY: Macmillan 1967.

Gordon, William. Synectics. NY: Harper & Row 1961.

Goshen-Gottstein, E. "Absurd Statement in Psychotherapy: The Treatment of Individual Adults." In E. Buckman 1994.

Gould, C., and M. Wartofsky. Women and Philosophy. NY: Putnam's Sons 1976.

Gracián, Baltasar y Morales. Agudeza y arte de ingenio. Madrid: Huesca 1642.

Graff, H. "Annotated Bibliography of Riddles." Behavioral Sciences Research 17, 1-2 (1982) 115-117.

Green, Roger, ed. A Century of Humorous Verse. 1850-1950. NY: Dutton 1968.

Green, Thomas. "Learning Without Metaphor." In A. Ortony, Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge University Press 1979.

Gregory, J. C. The Nature of Laughter. NY: Harcourt, Brace 1924.

Greig, J. Y. The Psychology of Laughter and Comedy. NY: Dodd, Mead 1923.

Greiner, Donald J. Comic Terror: The Novels of John Hawkes. Memphis State University Press 1973.

Grelling, Kurt. "The Logical Paradoxes." Mind 45 (1936) 481-486.

Grice, H. Paul. "Logic and Conversation." In P. Cole and J. Mason, eds. Syntax and Semiotics III1. Speech Acts. NY: Academic Press 1975:41-55.

Grice, H. Paul. Aspects of Reason. Oxford University Press 2001.

Grice, H. Paul. Studies in the Way of Words. Harvard University Press 1989. (See also Relevance Theory)

Griffin, Dustin. Satire: A Critical Re-Introduction. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press 1994.

Gröner, Horst, and S. Kessemeier, Hrsg., Normal- wer ist das schon? Karikaturen zum Umgang mit Menschen. (mit einer Einführung von Michael Titze.) München: E. Reinhardt 1988.

Groos, Karl. Einleitung in die Aesthetik. Giessen 1892.

Groos, Karl. Play of Man. (Spiele der Menschen) NY: Amo (1892/1901) 1976.

Gross, Barry, ed. Reverse Discrimination. NY: Prometheus Books 1977.

Grotjahn, M. Beyond Laughter. NY: McGraw-Hill 1957. (cf. Mendel 1970)

Gruner, Dorothea. Hesh e Kiosk a der Eigernordwand? 3rd rev. ed. Bern: Viktoria Verlag 1980.

Gudas, Fabian. "Connotation and Denotation." In Preminger 1965:151-152.

Günther, Jörg-Michael. Der Fall Max & Moritz: Juristisches Gutachten... Frankfurt a M.: Eichborn 1988.

Gurewitch, Morton. Comedy: The Irrrational Vision. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press 1975.

Gurewitch, Morton. Ironic Temper and the Comic Imagination. Detroit, MI: Wayne State Univ. 1994.

Guttmann, David. Logotherapy for the Helping Professional: Meaningful Social Work. NY: Springer 1996.

Gutwirth, Marcel. Laughing Matter: An Essay on the Comic. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1993.

Haberland, Paul. The Development of Comic Theory in Germany During the Eighteenth Century. Göppingen: Alfred Kümmerle 1971. (Ph.D. diss. Johns Hopkins Univ.)

Haig, Robin. "Therapeutic Uses of Humor." American Journal of Psychotherapy 40, 4 (1986) 543-553.

Haig, Robin. The Anatomy of Humor: Biopsychosocial and Therapeutic Perspectives. Springfield, IL: Thomas 1988.

Hain, Peter. Das Geheimnis therapeutischer Wirkung: Von den Besten lernen. Heidelberg: Carl Auer Systeme Vg. 2001. (See also web site)

Hain, Peter. Humor als therapeutische Intervention. Hypnose und Kognition 13 (1996) 251-256. [Teaches "Humor in der Sozial Arbeit." Fachhochschule ftir Sozial Arbeit, Basel. Nov. 2001/2002.]

Hallett, Garth. A Companion Guide to Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1977.

Halverson, William. A Concise Introduction to Philosophy. 3rd ed. NY: Random House 1976:115-207.

Hannan, R. L. "Humor and Gestalt Therapy." Voices 16, 4 (1981) Also in E.W. L. Smith Gestalt Voices Norwood, NJ: Ablex Pub. 1992.

Hansen, A. "Magnificent Liars: Exaggeration in American Humor." In Chapman & Foot 1977:181-184.

Harnmerly, Hector. "Teaching Pronunciation and Generative Grammar." In Brown 1991:173-177.

Harris, Alan, and S. Attardo, eds. Selected Proceedings of the Seminar on Humor and Communication. Chicago: Speech Communication Association 1992.

Harris, Joel Chandler. Told by Uncle Remus. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press 1972.

Hartley, David. "Of Wit and Humor." from Observations on Man. 5th ed. London 1810, Part 1, ch. 4, sect. 4. Also in Morreall 1987:41-44.

Hartung, A. "Religion: Courts and the Schools." Clearing House 47 (1973) 403.

Harvey, J. "Humor as Social Act." Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1995) 19-30.

Hauck, Richard. A Cheeerful Nihilism: Confidence and 'the Absurd'in American Humorous Fiction.. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 1971.

Haverkate, Henk. "Speech-Act Theory of Irony." Journal of Pragmatics 14 (1990) 77-109.

Haworth, Helen. "Keats and the Metaphor of Vision." Journal of English and Germanic Philology 67 (1968) 371-394.

Hay, Jennifer. "Function of Humor in the Conversation of Men and Women." Journal of Pragmatics 32, 6 (2000) 709-742.

Hazlitt, W. "On Wit and Humor." In Lectures of the English Comic Writers. London (1819); Oxford Univ. Press 1907.

Heath, Peter L. The Philosopher's Alice: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the LookingGlass. NY: St. Martin's Press 1975.

Hebb, Donald. The Organization of Behavior. NY: Wiley 1949.

Hegel, Georg. Philosophy of Fine Art. [Asthetik] Vol. 4. Tr. F. Osmaston. NY: Hacker Art Books 1975.

Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. J. Macquarrie and E. Robinson, trans. NY: Harper 1962.

Heidegger, Martin. Der Satz vom Grund. Pfulling: Neske 1957.

Heidegger, Martin. Existence and Being. 3rd ed. London: Vision 1968.

Heilbrun, Carolyn. Toward a Recognition of Androgyny. NY: Knopf 1973.

Helitzer, Melvin, ed. Comedy Techniques for Writers & Performers. Athens, OH: Lawhead Press l984.

Helitzer, Melvin. Comedy Writing Secrets. Cinncinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books 1992.

Hellenthal, M. Schwarzer Humor: Theorie und Definition. Essen: Verlag Blaue Eule 1989.

Hemmasi, Masoud; L. Graf, and G. Russ. "Gender-Related Jokes in the Workplace: Sexual Humor or Sexual Harassment?" Journal of Applied Social Psychology 24 (1994) 1114-1128.

Hempelson, Charles. Incongruity and Resolution of Humorous Narratives-Linguistic Humor Theory and the Medieval Bawdry of Rabelais, Boccaccio and Chaucer. M.A. Thesis. Youngstown State University. 2000. (Advisor: S. Attardo)

Henman, Linda. "Humor as a Coping Mechanism. Lessons for POWS." Humor: IJHR 14, 1 (2001) 83-94.

Henninger, Gerd. "Zur Genealogie des Schwarzen Humors." In Neue Deutsche Hefte (Berlin) 13, 2 (1966) 18-34.

Herrick, Marvin. Comic Theory in the Sixteenth Century. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois 1964.

Hertzler, J. Laughter: A Socio-Scientific Analysis. NY: Exposition Press 1970.

Hertzron, Robert. "On the Structure of Punch Lines." Humor: IJHR 4, 1 (1991) 61-108.

Hester, Marcus. The Meaning of the Poetic Metaphor. The Hague: Mouton 1967.

Hewlett, S. A Lesser Life: The Myth of Women's Lib Movement in America. NY: Morrow 1986.

Higgins, Kathleen. Comic Relief. Nietzsche's Gay Science. Oxford University Press 2000.

Hill, Carl D. The Soul of Wit: Joke Theory ftom Grimm to Freud. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press 1993.

Hill, Hamlin. "Black Humor and the Mass Audience." In 0. M. Brack, Jr., ed. American Humor: Essays Presented to John C. Gerber. Iowa City, IA: 1977:1-11.

Hobbes, Thomas. The English Works of Thomas Hobbes. W. Molesworth, ed. Vol. 4. London: J. Brown 1840.

Hocke, Gustav. Manierismus in der Literature. Hamburg: Rowohlt 1959.

Höffding, Harold. Humor als Lebensgefühl. Der grosse Humor: eine psychologische Studie. 2 Aufl. Leipzig: Reislan 1930.

Höfner, Eleonore, und H-U. Schachtner. Das wäre doch gelacht!:Humor und Provokation in der Therapie. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt 1995.

Hokinson, Helen E. The Hokinson Festival. NY: Dutton 1956.

Holden, R. Laughter-The Best Medicine. London: Thorsons/Harper-Collins 1992.

Holland, Norman. Laughing: A Psychology of Humor. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1982.

Hollander, John. Rhyme's Reason: A Guide to English Verse. 3rd ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press 1981.

Hollander, Nicole. Female Problems: An Unhelpful Guide. NY: Dell 1995.

Hollander, Nicole. Ma, Can I Be a Feminist and Still Like Men? NY: St. Martin's Press 1980.

Hook, Sidney, ed. Religious Experience and Truth. NY: New York University Press 1961.

Hook, Sidney. "Modern Knowledge and the Concept of God." P. Angeles, ed. Critiques of God. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books 1976:21-40

Horvay Barnes, Linda. The Dialectics of Black Humor, Process and Product: A Reorientation Toward Contemporary American and German Black Humor Fiction. Bern: P. Lang 1978. (Ph.D. diss. Purdue Univ. 1976. Diss. #37/10A p.6476)

Hughes, Langston. Book of Negro Humor. NY: Dodd, Mead 1966.

Hughes, Langston. Not Without Laughter. NY: Knopf 1968.

Hughes, Langston. Simple's Uncle Sam. NY: Hill and Wang 1965.

Hughes, Langston. The Langston Hughes Reader. NY: Braziller 1958.

Hughes, S., V. Raskin, At Last-The Last Whimsy. Tempe, AZ: ISHS 1990.

Huizinga, Johann. Homo Ludens. NY: Harper 1970.

Humor and Health Journal (Joseph Dunn, ed. POB 16814, Jackson, MS 39236)

Humor: International Journal of Humor Research. (See web site.)(1988-present)

Huxley, Julian. "Analogies: Dangerous and Otherwise." Yale Review N.S. 29 (March, 1940) 532-55.

Hyers, M. Conrad "Humor in Zen: Comic Midwifery." Philosophy East and West 39, 3 (1989) 267-278.

Hyers, M. Conrad. Spirituality of Comedy: Comic Heroine in a Tragic World. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction 1996.

Hyers, M. Conrad. Zen and the Comic Spirit. London: Rider; Philadelphia, PA: Westminster 1974.

Hyers, M. Conrad., ed. Holy Laughter. NY: Seabury Press 1969.

Hytten, K., and A. Hasle. "Firefighters: A Study of Stress and Coping." Acta Psychiatric Scandinavia 80 (1989) 355, Supplement.

IJHR = International Journal of Humor Research. (Journal title is Humor: IJHR)

Inge, Thomas. "American Literary Humor: A Bibliographical Guide." Choice 26,10 (1989) 1641-1649.

International Conference on Humo(u)r. (Papers published in Chapman & Foot 1976, Mindess & Turek 1979, and WHIMSY conference proceedings in this bibliography.) (See also internet for abstracts of conference papers.)

International Journal for Humor and Health. (See web site.)

International Society for Humor Studies. (See web site.)

Irwin, William, ed. Seinfeld and Philosophy: A Book about Everything and Nothing. Chicago, IL: Open Court 1999.

Irwin, William, M. Conrad, A. Skoble, eds. The Simpsons and Philosophy: The D'oh! of Homer. Chicago, IL: Open Court 1999.

Jaggar, Alison. Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Tottowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield 1983.

Jameson, Fredric. The Prison House of Language: A Critical Account of Structuralism and Russian Formalism. NJ: Princeton University Press 1972.

Jamieson, Alexander. A Grammar of Rhetoric 1818.

Janata, Jaromir. Zur Anatomie des Humors: Interdiziplinäre Betrachtungen. Maxdorf, Prague 1998. [esp. neuropsye., sociology]

Janoff, Bruce. "Black Humor, Existentialism and Absurdity: A Generic Confusion." Arizona Quarterly (1974) 293-304. Reprint in Pratt 1993:27-39.

Janoff, Bruce. "Black Humor: Beyond Satire." Ohio Review: a Journal of Humanities 14, 1 (1972) 5-20.

Jean Paul [Pseudonym of J. P. Richter]. Horn of Oberon: Jean Paul Richter's School for Aesthetics.[Vorschule der Asthetik] Detroit, MI: Wayne State Univ. Press 1973.

Jeanson, Francis. Signification humaine du rire. Paris 1950.

Jenkins, Ronald, ed. Subversive Humor: The Literary Power of Comedy. NY: Free Press 1994.

Johnson, H. Arleen. "Humor as an Innovative Method for Teaching Sensitive Topics." Educational Gerontology 16, 6 (1990) 547-559.

Johnson, Jill. Lesbian Nation. NY: Simon and Schuster 1973.

Johnson, M., and G. Lakoff. Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press 1980.

Johnson, Samuel. (1790-1784) The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson. New Haven: Yale University Press 1958.

Johnson, Sonia (Anti-Patriarchal feminist talk.) University of WI, Madison, April 23, 1988.

Johnson, Sonia. Going Out of Our Minds: The Metaphysics of Liberation. Freedom, CA: The Crossing Press 1987.

Johnson, Sonia. Wildfire Igniting the She/volution. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Wildfire Books 1989.

Jones, Daniel. Everyman's English Pronunciation Dictionary 13th rev. ed. A. Gimson, ed. London: J. Dent 1967.

Jones, James. Cognitive Factors in the Appreciation of Humor. Ph.D. diss. Yale University 1970.

Jonson, Ben. "Everyman in His Humour." Ben Johnson's Plays. London: Dent 1910.

Jonson, Ben. Everyman Out of His Humour. (1600) (H. Ostovich, ed. Vaduz Kraus Reprint 1963) Manchester University Press 2001.

Jorgensen, Julia. "The Functions of Sarcastic Irony in Speech." Journal of Pragmatics 26, 5 (1996) 613-634.

Journal of American Humor

Journal of Nursing Jocularlity

Journal of Poetry Therapy (since 1987) National Association for Poetry Therapy

Joyce, D. "Why Do Police Officers Laugh at Death?" The Psychologist. Sept. (1989) 379-381.

Joyce, James. Finnegan's Wake. Orig. 1939. NY: Viking 1947. (cf. Schlossman 1985)

Juhasz, Suzanne, C. Miller, M. Smith. Comic Power in Emily Dickinson. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press 1993.

Kafka, Franz. Amerika. Tr. Edwin Muir. NY: Schocken 1962.

Kafka, Franz. The Complete Stories. N. Glatzer, ed. NY: Schocken 1988.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment. J. Bernard, trans. (1892) NY: Hafner 1951.

Kant, Immanuel. Kritik der Urteilskraft. Hamburg: Felix Meiner 1990.

Karassev, Leonid. Philosophy of Laughter. (See Vaserstein 1998. Also see web site.)

Kaufman, Gloria, and Mary Blakely, eds. Pulling Our Own Strings: Feminist Humor and Satire. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 1980.

Kaufmann, Walter. "Existentialism and Death." The Meaning of Death. H. Feifel. NY: McGraw-Hill 1959.

Kaufmann, Walter. See Nietzsche 1954.

Keller, Dan. Humor as Therapy. Wauwatosa, WI: Med-Psyc. Publ. 1984.

Keller, Dan. The Laughter Factor. Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris 2000.

Kelly, John, and John Local. Doing Phonology. England: Manchester University Press 1989

Kelly, Petra. "Women and Ecology." Gandhi Marc April 2 (1980) 44-49

Kem, Edith. The Absolute Comic. NY: Columbia University Press 1980

Kenderdine, M. "Laughter in Pre-School Children." Child Development 2 (1931) 228

Kenner, Hugh. The Poetry of Ezra Pound. Norfolk, CT: New Directions 1951.

Kenner, Hugh. The Stoic Comedians: Flaubert, Joyce and Beckett. (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press 1974) London: W. H. Allen 1964.

Keohane, N. et al., eds. Feminist Theory. University of Chicago Press 1983

Keough, William. Punchlines: The Violence of American Humor. NY: Paragon House 1990.

Kierkegaard. (See Lippitt 2000, Sandok 1975)

Klages, Mary. "What to Do with Helen Keller Jokes: A Feminist Act." In Barreca 1992:13-22.

Klein, Allen. Healing Power of Humor. Los Angeles, CA: Tarcher 1989.

Klein, Allen. The Courage to Laugh: Humor, Hope and Healing in the Face of Death and Dying. NY: Tarcher/Putnam 1998.

Klein, Ellen. Feminism Under Fire. Amherst, NY: Prometheus 1996. (Critique of feminism)

Klinkowitz, Jerome. "A Final Word for Black Humor." Contemporary Literature 15, 2 (1974) 271-276.

Knight, Margaret. Honest to Man: Christian Ethics Reexamined. NY: Prometheus 1974.

Knight, Margaret. Morals without Religion. London: Dennis Dobson 1955.

Knox, Norman. "On the Classification of Ironies." Modern Philology 70 (1972) 53-62.

Knox, Norman. The Word "Irony" and Its Context. Duke University Press 1961.

Koestler, A. "Humour and Wit." Encyclopedia Britannica Vol. 9 Chicago: Britannica 1974:5-11.

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Paul. (see Jean Paul)

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Ruch, Willibald, "The Sense of Nonsense Lies in the Nonsense of Sense: Comment on Paolillo's 'Gary Larson's Far Side: Nonsense? Nonsense!"' Humor: 1JHR 12, 1 (1999) 71-93.

Ruch, Willibald, ed. The 'Sense of Humor': Explorations of a Personality Characteristic. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter l998.

Ruch, Willibald. "Exhilaration and Humor." In Michael Lewis and J. Haviland, eds. Handbook of Emotions. NY: Guilford 1993:605-616.

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Ruch, Willibald. "Laughter and Emotional Liberation: The Zen of Humor." Humor and Health Letter 4, 1 (1995) 1-8.

Ruch, Willibald. "The Effective Use of Humor in Psychotherapy." In Keller, P. & L. Ritt, eds. Innovations in Clinical Practice. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange. Vol. 7 (1986b) 157-175.

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Ruch, Willibald. Measurement Approaches to the Sense of Humor. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter 1996.

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Satire Newsletter

Schachter, S. and L. Wheeler. "Epinephrine, Chlorpromazine, and Amusement." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 65 (1962a) 121-128.

Schachter, Stanley, and J. Singer. "Cognitive, Social, and Physiological Determinants of Emotional State." Psychological Review 69 (1962b) 379-99.

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Schachter, Stanley. Emotion, Obesity and Crime. NY: Academic Press 1971.

Schaeffer, Neil. The Art of Laughter. NY: Columbia University Press 1981.

Schafritz, Jay. Words on War: Military Quotations from Ancient Times to the Present. NY: Prentice-Hall 1990.

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Schimel, John. "The Function of Wit and Humor in Psychoanalysis." Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis 6 (1978) 369-379.

Schneider, Kirk. The Paradoxical Self. Toward an Understanding of Our Contradictory Nature. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books 1999.

Scholl, Peter. Garrison Keillor. NY: Twayne 1993.

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Schopenhauer, Arthur. The World as Will and Representation. E. Payne, trans. NY: Dover 1969.

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Schultz, T., and J. Robillard. "The Development of Linguistic Humor in Children: Incongruity Through Rule Violation." In McGhee, P. & A. Chapman, eds. 1980:55-96.

Schulz, M. "Toward a Definition of Black Humor." Southern Review 1973:117-134. In S. Cohen 1978:14-27.

Schulz, Max. Black Humor Fiction of the Sixties: A Pluralistic Definition of Man and His World. Athens, OH: Ohio university Press 1973.

Scriven, Michael. Primary Philosophy. NY: McGraw-Hill 1966.

Scruton, Roger. "Laughter." In The Aesthetic Understanding. London: Methuen 1983:153-165.

Searle, John. Intentionality. NY: Cambridge University Press 1983.

Searle, John. Speech Acts. Cambridge University Press 1969.

Seaward, Brian. Stressed is Desserts Spelled Backwards: Rising Above Life's Challenges with Humor and Courage. Berkeley, CA: Conan Press 1999.

Seltzer, Leon. Paradoxical Strategies in Psychotherapy: A Comprehensive Overview and Guidance Book. NY: Wiley 1986.

Seward, Samuel, Jr. The Paradox of the Ludicrous. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press 1930.

Seymour, Richard. "Linguistic Change: Examples from the Westfälian Dialect of Nieberge." Word 26 (1970) 32-46.

Shaffer, Jerome. "An Assessment of Emotion." American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1983) 161-162.

Shaftesbury, Anthony. "Sensus Communis: An Essay on the Freedom of Wit and Humor." In Characteristics of Men Manners and Opinions and Times. 3 vols. [1714] NY: Cambridge University Press 1999.

Sharma, R. K. Contemporary Black Humour: American Novels from Nathanael West to Thomas Berger. Delhi: Ajanta Publ. 1988.

Sharpe, Robert. "Seven Reasons Why Amusement Is an Emotion." In Morrell 1987:208-212.

Shaughnessy, Michael, and Terresa Wadsworth. "Humor in Counseling and Psychotherapy: A 20-year Retrospective." Psychological Reports 70 (1992) 755-762.

Sheinberg, Esti. Irony, Satire, Parody, and the Grotesque in the Music of Shostakovitch: A Theory of Musical Incongruities. Burlington: Asgate 2000.

Sherzer, Joel. "Oh! That's a Pun and I Didn't Mean It." Semiotica 22, 3/4 (1978) 335-350.

Shibles, Warren. Forthcoming. Phonetics of the World's Languages: A Reference Work.

2001. Shibles, Warren. "The Philosophical Practitioner and Emotion." In Trevor Curnow, ed. Thinking through Dialogue: Essays on Philosophy in Practice. Surrey, GB: Practical Philosophy Press 2001:50-57.

2000b. Shibles, Warren. Lügen und Lügen lassen: Eine kritische Analyse des Lügen. Mainz: Lermann Verlag. 2000. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Barbara Maier. 2000.

2000a. Shibles, Warren. "Emotion, Metaphor, Music amd Humor." in A. Kronegger, ed., Analecta Husserliana. Vol. 63, The Orchestration of the Arts. A Creative Symbiosis of Existential Powers. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2000:417-436.

1999c. Shibles, Warren. "On Death: The I Ching as a Metaphorical Method of Insight." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 26, 3 (1999) 343-376.

1999b. Shibles, Warren. Ethik für alle. Mainz: Lermann Verlag 1999.

1999a. Shibles, Warren. "Joie de vivre." American Society of Phenomenology, Aesthetics & The Fine Arts. Harvard University. 1998. (Published in A. Kronegger, ed., Analecta Husserliana.Vol. 69, The Poetry of Life in Literature. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 2000:187-192.)

1998b. Shibles, Warren. Utrecht Conference Proceedings. "Antipatriarchal Feminism vs. Humanistic Feminism: The New Ideological Conflict." The End of Ideologies and the Return to Ethics Session of the Fifth Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas. University for Humanistic Studies, Utrecht, Netherlands, Aug.20, 1996. Published on CD ROM 1998. (cf. 1995g publication)

1998a. Shibles, Warren. "Philosophical Counseling, Philosophical Education and Emotion." International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12, 1:19-36.

1997. Shibles, Warren. Was ist Zeit? Mainz: Lermann Verlag 1997.

1996b. Shibles, Warren. "Review of Neal Norrick. Conversational Joking." Studies in Language 20 (1996) 465-472.

1996a. Shibles, Warren. "Review of Attardo Linguistic Theories of Humor." Studies in Language 20 (1996) 667-696.

1996d. Shibles, Warren. "The Phonetics vs. Phonemics Controversy." Paper read at the Pacific Ancient and Modem Language Association Convention. Nov. 8-10, University of California-Irvine.

1996c. Shibles, Warren. "A Comparative Phonetics of Spanish: Toward a Standard IPA Symbolism." Revue de Phonétique Appliquée No. 121:327-354.

1995j. "Analysis of the Definitions of Humanism." Scottish Journal of Religious Studies vol. 16, 1 (1995j) 51-61.

1995i. Shibles, Warren "Analysis of the Definitions of Humanism." Scottish Journal of Religious Studies vol. 16, 1 (1995i) 51-61.

1995h Shibles, Warren "Received Pronunciation and Realphonetik." World Englishes 14, 3 (1995):357-376.

1995g. Shibles, Warren. "Antipatriarchal Feminism vs. Humanistic Feminism." Talk given at the conference "Political Correctness and Gender Politics on Campus: What It's Doing to Education." April, 21, 1995g, Washington, DC, Sponsored by the Women's Freedom Network. (cf. 1998b publication)

1995f. Shibles, Warren. Unsere Gefüh1swelt: Eine kritische Analyse für jung und alt. Mainz: Lermann Verlag. 1995f.

1995e. Shibles, Warren. "Hanslick on Hearing Beauty." Iyyun: The Jerusalem Philosophical Quarterly 44 (1995e) 73-89.

1995d. Shibles, Warren. "The Association Theory of Meaning: A Reconstruction of the Literature." Indian Philosophical Quarterly 22, 2 (1995d) 105-122.

1995c. Shibles, Warren. "The Meaning of Express in Aesthetics: A Reconstruction of the Literature." Journal of Thought 30, 2 (1995c) 21-41.

1995b. Shibles, Warren. Emotion in Aesthetics. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995b.

1995a. Shibles, Warren. "The Phonetics of Standard British Pronunciation: RP English-A Pseudo Concept?" RASK: Internationat tidsskrift for sprog og kommunikation. 2 (1995a) 51-89.

1994e. "The Phantom Schwa: A Pseudo-Symbol." Grazer Linguistische Studien 42, (1994e) 79-97.

1994d. Shibles, Warren. "Anxiety: A Pseudo-Concept." International Journal of Applied Philosophy 9, 1 (1994d) 43 -52.

1994c. Shibles, Warren. "Humanistic Art." Critical Inquiry. 8, 3 (1994c) 371-392.

1994b. Shibles, Warren. "The Cognitive-Emotive Theory of Desire." Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 11 (1994b) 27-43.

1994a. Shibles, Warren. "Chinese Romanization Systems: IPA transliteration." Sino Platonic Papers Vol. 52 (1994a) 1-17.

1993c. Shibles, Warren. "An Expanded IPA Vowel Chart." Phonetica Francofortensia 6 (1993c) 71-92.

1993a. Shibles, Warren. "The Majority Rule Fallacy." Indian Philosophical Quarterly 20, 4 (1993a) 329-436.

1993b. Shibles, Warren. "Wittgenstein y el budismo Zen." Pensamiento (Madrid) 49, 194 (1993b) 317-352.

1992b. Shibles, Warren. "Verbal Abuse: An Analysis." Papiere zur Linguistik 46, 1 (1992b) 30-44.

1992a. Shibles, Warren. "Altruism vs. Egoism: A Pseudo-Problem: A Cognitive- Emotive Analysis." International Journal of Applied Philosophy 7, 1 (1992a) 21-29.

1991b. Shibles, Warren. "The Myth of Patriarchy." Journal of Value Inquiry 25, 4 (1991b) 305-318.

1991a. Shibles, Warren. "Feminism and the Cognitive Theory of Emotion: Anger, Blame and Humor." Women and Health 17, 1 (1991 a) 57-69.

1990d. Shibles, Warren. "An Analysis of German Emotive Reflexives." Grazer Linguistische Studien 33/34 (1990d) 297-311.

1990c. Shibles, Warren. "German Emotive Reflexives." Papiere zur Linguistic 43, 2 (1990c) 159-165.

1990b. Shibles, Warren. "The Metaphorical Method of Critical Thinking." 10th Annual Conference on Critical Thinking. (Sonoma State University) Aug. 3-8, 1990b.

1990a. Shibles, Warren. "Joie de vivre." (In French) Actes du colloque international: L'humour d'expression française. Corhurn et l'Université de Paris VIII. Paris 1990a:63-69.

1989d. Shibles, Warren. "Radical Feminism, Humanism and Women's Studies." Innovative Higher Education 14, 1 (1989d) 35-47.

1989c. Shibles, Warren. "Time." The New Book of Knowledge. (Encyclopedia, 21 vols) Danbury, CT: Grolier, Inc.

1989b. Shibles, Warren. "Some Remarks on Particles and Interjections in English and German." Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 37, 3 (1989b) 241-24-5.

1989a. Shibles, Warren. "An Analysis of German Emotive Particles and Interjections." Papiere zur Linguistik 40, 1 (1989a) 71-81.

1988c. Shibles, Warren. "Humor and the Greens." Die Grünen (Munich, Germany) (In German) 1988c.

1988b. Shibles, Warren. "A Revision of the Definition of Lying as an Untruth Told with Intent to Deceive." Argumentation 2 (1988b) 95- 113.

1988a. Shibles, Warren. "Joie de vivre." (In French) Université de Paris-IV. Grand Palais, Paris. Colloque International. "L'Humour D'Expression Française." CORHUM et Université de Paris VIII. June 29,1988a.

1987c. Shibles, Warren. "Religious Doggerel." New Zealand Rationalst and Humanist (Dec. 1987c: 9.

1987b. Shibles, Warren. Poems published in Eleven Wisconsin Poets. DeWitt Clinton, ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall-Hunt 1987b: "On Waking" (126), "Programmed Meaning" (130), "Questions" (132).

1987a. Shibles, Warren. "Reformatory Blame." Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy 5, 4 (1987a) 266-281.

1985b. "Serious Fun with Time." National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors Bulletin 27, 3 (1985b) 316-318.

1985a. Shibles, Warren. Lying: A Critical Analysis. Whitewater, WI: The Language Press 1985.

1984. Shibles, Warren. "The Humor of Die Grünen." Conference on National Linguistic Humor, sponsored by Arizona State University, March, 1984a.

1983d. Shibles, Warren. "Metaphor as the Basis of Humor." 1983 Conference on Humor and Metaphor. Western Humor and Irony Membership. Don Nilsen, Director. Phoenix: Arizona State University. April 1, 1983d.

1983c. Shibles, Warren. "An Analysis and Classification of Humor." (Abstract) Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Humor. Washington, DC 1983c. American Studies Program, University of Maryland.

1983b. Shibles, Warren. "Metaphor as the Basis of Humor." Conference on Humor and Metaphor, Arizona State University 1983b.

1983a. Shibles, Warren. "Teaching Humor in the Schools." Proceedings of the Conference on Humor and Metaphor. Arizona State University 1983a.

1979. Shibles, Warren. "A Philosopher Looks at Creativity: How to Teach Creativity through Humor and Metaphor." Creative Child and Adult Quarterly 4, 4 (1979b) 243-25l.

1978g. Shibles, Warren. Good and Bad are Funny Things. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978g.

1978f. Shibles, Warren. "Jokes About Time." Time: A Critical Analysis for Children. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978f.

1978e. Shibles, Warren. "Jokes about Ethical or Value Terms." Ethics for Children. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978e:63-79.

1978d. Shibles, Warren. "Humor." In Shibles, Emotion: A Critical Analysis for Young People. 1978d:59-67.

1978c. Shibles, Warren. Emotion: A Critical Analysis for Young People. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978c.

1978b. Shibles, Warren. Rational Love. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978b.

1978a. Shibles, Warren. Humor: A Critical Analysis for Children. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1978a.

1976. Shibles, Warren. "Poetry and Philosophy." Philosophy Today 20 (1976) 31-34. (From paper read at Princeton University.)

1974c. Shibles, Warren. Emotion: The Method of Philosophical Therapy. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1974c.

1974b. Shibles, Warren. "The Metaphorical Method." Journal of Aesthetic Education 8 (1974b) 25-36.

1974a. Shibles, Warren. Wittgenstein, Language and Philosophy. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall-Hunt 1974a. (Also in German by Bouvier, Bonn 1973 and in Portuguese by Editora Cultrix, Brazil 1974)

1973b. Shibles, Warren. "Die metaphorische Methode." Karl Merz, tr. Deutsche Vierte1jahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 48, 1 (1973b) 1-9.

1973a. Shibles, Warren. "Review of K.T. Fann Symposium on John Austin " Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (1973a) 443-444.

1972b. Shibles, Warren, ed. Essays on Metaphor. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1972b.

1972a. Shibles, Warren. Philosophical Pictures. Orig. 1969. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown 1972a. [Philosophische Bilder: Wege zu radikalem Denken. (Bouvier disputanda). Susanne Mackiewicz, trans. Bonn: Bouvier 1973.]

1971c. Shibles, Warren. An Analysis of Metaphor. The Hague: Mouton 1971c.

1971b. Shibles, Warren. Models of Ancient Greek Philosophy. London: Vision Press 1971b.

1971a. Shibles, Warren. Metaphor: An Annotated Bibliography and History. Whitewater, WI: Language Press 1971a.

1970. Shibles, Warren. "Meaning as Patterns of Marks." University of South Florida Language Quarterly 8 (1970) 20-24.

Shirley, Edward. "The Impossibility of a Speech Act Theory of Meaning." Philosophy and Rhetoric 8 (1975) 114-122.

Shklovskii, Viktor. "Iskusstvo kak Priem." ("Art as Artifice.") Poetika 1919. In Shibles 1971a:261. Also English trans. in L. Lemon & M. Reis, eds. Russian Formalist Criticism, 3-24. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press 1965. (cf. Theorie der Prosa 1966)

Simon, Laurence. Psycho'therapy': Theory, Practice, Modern and Postmodern Influences. Westport, CT: Praeger 1994.

Simon, Richard. The Labyrinth of the Comic: Theory and Practice from Fielding to Freud. Tallahassee, FL: University Presses of Florida, Florida State University 1985.

Singer, J. (See S. Schachter and J. Singer 1962.)

Siporin, Max. "Have You Heard the One About Social Work Humor?" Social Casework: Journal of Contemporary Social Work 65, 8 (1984) 459-464.

Skinner, B. F. Science and Human Behavior. NY: Collier-Macmillan 1953.

Smith, A. "Light Verse." In Preminger 1965, 446-449.

Smith, Ken. "Laughing at the Way We See: The Role of Visual Organizing Principles in Cartoon Humor." Humor: IJHR 9, 1 (1996) 19-38.

Smith, P. "Joke Medicine: Communicating Traditional Humor Using Computers." In Bennett (1991) 257-278.

Snyder, C. R., ed. Handbook of Hope: Theory, Measures, and Applications. San Diego, CA: Academic Press 2000.

Sochen, June, ed. Women's Comic Visions. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press 1991.

Solomon Robert. "Racist Humor" Internet article. 2001.

Sommers, Christina Hoff, Who Stole Feminism? NY: Simon & Schuster 1994.

Sonenfield, Irwin. "Executive Committee Recommendation on Tenure Consideration (Candidate: God)." National Education Association Advocate Feb. 1978, p. 7.

Songer, Marcia. Garrison Keillor: A Critical Companion. Westport, CT: Greenwood 2000.

Southworth, John. Fools and Jesters at the English Court. Gloucestershire, GB: Sutton Publ. 1998.

Spencer, Herbert. "On the Physiology of Laughter." Essays: Scientific, Political, and Speculative. Vol. 2. NY: Appleton 1892:452-466.

Spencer, Herbert. "The Physiology of Laughter." In Essays on Education, etc. London: Dent 1911.

Speransky, W. "Essay sur l'origine psychologique des métaphores." Revue Philosophique 44 (1897) 494-507, 605-621.

Spiegel, James. Hypocrisy: Moral Fraud and Other Vices. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books 1999.

Spretnak, C. The Spiritual Dimension of Green Politics. NM: Bear 1986.

Starer, E. "Reactions of Psychiatric Patients to Cartoons and Verbal Jokes." Journal of General Psychology 65 (1961) 301-304.

Staugaard, Christiane. Humor in der Sozialpädagogik-Lachen hilft heilen. Hochschulschrift, Kiel, Sozialwesen 1997.

Steams, Fred. "Pathophysiology of Laughing." Laughing: Physiology, Pathophysiology, Psychology, Pathopsychology, and Development. Springfield, IL: Thomas 1972.

Steinhoff, William. "Metaphorical Texture of Daniel Deronda." Books Abroad 35 (1961) 220-224.

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Sterling, Philip, ed. Laughing on the Outside: The Intelligent White Reader's Guide to Negro Tales and Humor. NY: Grosset & Dunlap 1965.

Sternthal, Brian, and C. Craig. "Humor in Advertising." Journal of Marketing 37 (1973) 12-18.

Stevens, Wallace. Opus Posthumous. S. Morse, ed. NY: Knopf 1957.

Stevens, Wallace. The Necessary Angel. NY: Random House 1942.

Stewart, Dugald. Outlines of Moral Philosophy. Orig. 1793. NY: Garland 1976.

Stewart, J. "An Anatomy of Humor." Ph.D. diss. University of Southern California 1967.

Stillion, Judith, and H. White, "Feminist Humor: Who Appreciates it and Why? Psychology of Women Quarterly 11 (1987) 219-232.

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