V. EXPLANATION OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

(August 1997)

Many of my books have been used by various universities as texts (Cambridge University, University of Pennsylvania, Alfred University, Univ. of Washington, Wellsley College, etc.) Also they are used as references in university classes. My books can be found in many, but more likely most, of the university-level libraries of the world, as an Internet check would show.

A. METAPHOR RESEARCH

1. Published a major work, Metaphor: An Annotated Bibliography and History, which was selected as one of the best reference books from 1970-1976 by Best Reference Books (See reviews). It virtually began serious metaphor research. Others have published two metaphor bibliographies since. I also authored two other books and numerous articles on metaphor, and delivered papers on the subject here and abroad (in English and German). I am known internationally as a leading authority on metaphor.

2. Created and developed what I call the "Metaphorical Method," an account of which was published in various journals in various languages.

3. The Metaphorical Method was also used as a method of historical analysis in my book Models of Ancient Greek Philosophy (Vision Press, England).

4. Prof. Josef Japola came from Lublin, Poland to study with me for his philosophy dissertation on metaphor and the philosophy of language. He subsequently obtained his degree.

5. A professor from China, Prof. Wai-Leung Wong, also came here to discuss metaphor with me.

6. I served on a committee for a Ph.D. dissertation on metaphor and architecture, for Union Graduate School.

7. The Metaphorical Method is also exemplified in my article, "Feminist Metaphoric." (forthcoming in Signifying Behavior journal, edited by Prof. Marcel Danesi, University of Toronto.)

8. Gave a presentation of my poetry, February 7-8, 1997. "Philosophical Poetry Reading Using Oxymora and Contradiction" at Languaging: The Ninth Annual Conference on Language and Literature. University of North Texas.

9. Talk given, April 18-19, 1997. "Metaphor, Music, Humor and Emotion," Symposium: The Orchestration of the Arts. International Society of Phenomenology, Aesthetics & the Fine Arts, Radcliffe-Harvard University. (Refereed and accepted for publication.)

B. PHILOSOPHY FOR CHILDREN. PHILOSOPHY FOR YOUNG PEOPLE

1. Wrote a series of books called "Teaching Young People to Be Critical." They are on the subjects of: 1. Emotion, 2. Time, 3. Ethics (two different books), and 4. Humor. These are all available on microfiche as part of the ERIC Clearinghouse system (http://edrs.com/). (See reviews at http://www.idcnet.com/~shiblesw/index.html)

2. In this connection I gave numerous talks at education meetings, including the Philosophy of Education Society at Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Toronto, Canada.

3. I published articles and delivered papers on how to teach ethics, critical and creative thinking, and about emotion, in the schools.

4. I taught four different courses for the "College for Kids" at UW-Whitewater. My texts were used for each class. (A video tape by the students of their presentations was also made and is available.) Received a "Certificate of Appreciation" for this work.

5. Taught a course here, in addition to University courses, entitled "Critical Thinking," for the Saturday Program for Young Scholars Jan. 16- Feb. 20, 1993. It was a six week program for grades 2-6.

 

C. EMOTION RESEARCH (Including Philosophical Counseling)

1. Did seminal work on emotion.

2. Wrote five books on emotion which are used by numerous universities as texts and library resources.

3. Published numerous articles on the subject and related subjects, such as, desire, anxiety, blame, love, anger, humor, verbal abuse, aesthetic emotion.

4. Did extensive research on joie de vivre, having published and given papers on the subject here and at the University of Paris (in French).

5. Gave professional papers on emotion at numerous universities throughout the world (especially Europe). Thereby, I encouraged philosophers and other academicians to learn about and to teach courses on emotion. Because of its importance, my research, paper presentations, and publications have concentrated on the subject of emotion both in theory and practice, as well as in the classroom.

6. I have recently given philosophy papers on emotion at the University of Hong Kong (March 28, 1996), University of Ulster, (May 3, 1996), "Aesthetic Emotion." Canadian Society for Aesthetics Conference; April 24, 1997. "Philosophical Counseling and Emotion" (Society for Philosophy, Counseling & Psychotherapy; American Philosophical Association), "Metaphor, Music, Humor and Emotion," Harvard University; Commentator on Jeffrie Murphy paper, "Forgiveness in Counseling: A Philosophical Perspective," American Philosophical Association, University of California, Berkeley, California. See my list of talks and book & journal publications for additional work done on philosophical counseling.

D. TEACHING VALUES IN THE SCHOOLS

1. Wrote two books on Ethics (also in German). These are available on microfiche as part of the ERIC system which is in thousands of schools.

2. In this connection, I gave numerous talks on teaching ethics in the schools, at education meetings.

3. I published articles on how to teach ethics in the schools.

4. I taught ethics at the "College for Kids" at UW-Whitewater. My texts were used for the class.

5. The book, Ethics, was translated and published in Finnish in Finland for use in their public school system.

 

E. DEATH RESEARCH

1. Did seminal work on the analysis of the concept of death and wrote a book on it which was used by numerous universities as a text and library resource.

2. Gave several seminar credit courses at this university on the analysis of death, in the early 1970's&emdash;one of the first of such given in any university.

3. Gave two papers on death at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.

4. Taught Seminar on Death and Dying at University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Spring (and Fall) 2000.

 

F. HUMOR RESEARCH

1. Did seminal work on humor and wrote a book on humor which was used by numerous universities as a text and library resource in the U.S. and overseas. My new much larger book on humor is now being published by Southern Illinois University Press.

2. Applied the Cognitive Theory of Emotion in a full way to the analysis of humor.

3. Applied my theory of metaphor to the classification of humor.

4. Gave several seminar credit courses at this university on the analysis of humor, in the early 1970's&emdash;one of the first of such given in universities.

5. Selected in 1991 as associate editor of Humor: International Journal of Humor Research. (I since evaluated submitted journal papers for editors: Prof. Morrell and Prof. Nilsen)

6. Presented papers on humor at international humor congresses.

7. Paper presentation, April 18-19, 1997. "Metaphor, Music, Humor and Emotion," Symposium: The Orchestration of the Arts. International Society of Phenomenology, Aesthetics & the Fine Arts, Radcliffe-Harvard University. (Refereed and accepted for publication.)

G. PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE

I. GENERAL

(The items below are significant contributions to the philosophy of science as well as to science. As I teach the philosophy of science, I think that it is important to also engage in scientific research and make advances there as I have done.

1. The work in phonetics involved doing my own field research. For example, I spent over six weeks collecting phonetic samples from all of the German-Swiss-speaking cantons (and some French dialects) of Switzerland; went to the Irish Gaelic-speaking areas of western Ireland, Scot Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland; obtained Welsh informants in Wales, Cockney dialects of London, and various (60+) dialects of Germany. I also audited a university course on experimental phonetics. This material is incorporated into my books and articles.

2. As a result of my internationally recognized work on language I was asked to and served in 1995 as an Examiner for the Ph.D. thesis, "Analyticity, Synonymity and Meaning," for the Registrar and Philosophy Department of the University of North Bengal.

3. 1993-1994. Member of the Cognitive Science Reading Group. On the basis of my publications in linguistics and the philosophy of language, I was invited to participate in the weekly faculty Cognitive Science Reading Group sponsored by the UW-Milwaukee Linguistics Department. It is interdisciplinary. The first discussion I attended was held Sept. 10, 1993 and continued throughout each academic year. The discussions were held every Friday and we read and discuss the most important new work being done in the philosophy of language. Nearly all of the participants are faculty members, mostly from UW-Milwaukee.

4. Paper presented. Nov. 8-11, 1996. "The Phonetics vs. Phonemics Controversy: A Review and Critique of the Literature." Pacific Ancient & Modern Language Assoc. Conference, Chair and Moderator, Linguistics Session, University of California, Irvine, CA.

5. Paper presented, Nov. 8-11, 1996. "The Phonetics of Standard British Pronunciation: RP English&emdash;A Psuedo Concept?" Pacific Ancient & Modern Language Association Conference, Linguistics Session, University of California, Irvine, CA.

6. Paper presented, Oct. 23, 1996. "The Comparative Phonetics of Frisian and Its Dialects." 14th Frisian Philology Congress of the Fryske Akademy (Fryske Filologekongres), Leeuwarden, Netherlands. Oct. 23-25, 1996. Paper selected by the Fryske Akademy to be published as part of a book.

7. Gave a presentation, February 7-8, 1997. "Philosophical Poetry Reading Using Oxymora and Contradiction" at Languaging: The Ninth Annual Conference on Language and Literature. University of North Texas.

8. "Review of the Oxford Acoustic Phonetic Database on Compact Disk, by J. Pickering & B. Rosner, 1993." Studies in Language 21, no. 1 (1997) 163-170.

9. "Review of Neal Norrick. Conversational Joking." Studies in Language 20, no. 2 (1996) 465-472.

II. MEANING

1. Wrote articles and chapters on an analysis of "meaning."

2. Wrote chapters on "meaning" in aesthetics.

III. SCIENTIFIC METHODS USED IN LINGUISTICS

1. Published numerous articles on the subject.

2. Delivered several lectures on the subject.

IV. PHONETICS

Created Two New Standard Phonetic Charts:

1. Created a new "Extended Standard International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) Vowel Chart." The results were published in a 1993 linguistics journal edited by Dr. Wodarz, Prof. of Phonetics, University of Frankfurt am Main, Germany).

2. A new "Standard Articulation Diagram and Standard Articulation Description Chart." The results were published in two linguistics journals in 1994.

3. The charts are also used and exemplified as a part of nearly each of my published papers on the comparative phonetics of the various languages.

4. Read papers this academic year on these two charts at two of the most highly regarded centers of phonetic research in the world: University of London (where Daniel Jones developed the IPA alphabet originally), and the University of Edinburgh where the famous linguistics Prof. Abercrombie taught. Also gave a paper on the vowel chart at the Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Linguistics Colloquium, Oct. 25, 1993.

5. Did important critical work on the analysis and replacement of the schwa (1994).

6. 1996. Read paper "The Phonetics vs. Phonemics Controversy: A Review and Critique of the Literature." Pacific Ancient & Modern Language Assoc. Conference, Chair and Moderator, Linguistics Session, University of California, Irvine, CA; and "The Phonetics of Standard British Pronunciation: RP English&emdash;A Psuedo Concept?"

7. 1996. Read paper: "The Comparative Phonetics of Frisian and Its Dialects." 14th Frisian Philology Congress of the Fryske Akademy (Fryske Filologekongres), Leeuwarden, Netherlands.

8. Completed a book now being considered by several publishers: Phonetics of the World's Languages: A Comparative IPA Analysis and Transcription. Over 82 languages (and about as many dialects) phonetically evaluated and transcribed. Many of the chapters have been published in linguistics journals.

V. PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GERMAN LANGUAGE

1. Published and lectured in German.

2. Wrote numerous articles on the German language; three books are in German and another three have been accepted for publication.

3. Published poetry in German.

4. Book signing for my book, Aug. 29, 1996. Unsere Gefühlswelt, at Claudius Buchhandlung, Mainz, Germany.

 

H. CLARIFICATION OF THE CONCEPT OF LYING

1. Wrote a book on lying which has been used as a textbook in other universities. My proposed definition of lying varies greatly from the usual one found in dictionaries, law books, and philosophy books.

2. Published an article on lying in the journal, Argumentation.

3. Delivered a paper on lying at the Philosophy Dept., University of Reading, England.

4. Attempted to resolve the "Liar Paradox" in the book, Lying.

5. Presented a paper entitled "An Analysis of Lying" at the University of Athens on April 5, 1996. (Sponsored by the Philosophy Dept., University of Athens, Greece)

I. INFORMAL LOGIC

1. Spent Sabbatical in 1990 in Germany working on treating negative emotions as informal logical fallacies. This led to several publications, e.g. "Verbal Abuse."

2. Attempted to resolve the "Liar Paradox" in my book, Lying.

3. My two books on humor in part treat humor as deviations from the informal logical fallacies and so also serve as books on rational reasoning.

 

J. ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY and the PHILOSOPHY OF WITTGENSTEIN

1. Wrote a book (also translated into German, and Portuguese) and numerous articles (translated into various languages) on Wittgenstein. Used and tried to more fully develop Wittgenstein's ordinary philosophy in Philosophical Pictures and journal articles.

2. Gave philosophy lecture on Wittgenstein at the Wittgenstein center in Austria: "Wittgenstein's Language-Game Theory of Sensations and Emotions in Comparison with the Cognitive Theory of Emotion." XIV International Wittgenstein Symposium. Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria, August 13-20, 1989.

3. Published an ordinary-language interpretation of Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland which was subsequently published in German, Japanese and Portuguese.

 

K. CLARIFICATION OF TIME

1. Recently wrote the published encyclopedia article on time (Grolier Society, World Book of Knowledge.)

2. Published a book on time (also accepted for publication in German in Fall 1997), and numerous articles on time, e.g., in Philosophical Pictures (English and German publishers).

 

L. AESTHETICS

1. Wrote book, Emotion in Aesthetics, (Kluwer, Netherlands 1995) which for the first time applies:

a. the Cognitive Theory of Emotion in a full way to the analysis of how art

expresses emotion; and clarifies similar problems in aesthetics.

b. my theory of metaphor to the problem of, for example, how music

expresses emotion.

c. my theory of meaning to the problem of how art expresses meaning.

d. In addition, a theory of humanistic art is presented.

2. Poetry

(A writer on aesthetics is more credible if he or she contributes to art as well as just presenting theories and criticisms about it. I have therefore done so.)

a. See enclosed list of published poetry.

b. Published several articles on the relationship between poetry and philosophy and delivered a paper at Princeton University on the subject (American Society for Aesthetics).

c. Gave a presentation of my poetry, February 7-8, 1997. "Philosophical Poetry Reading Using Oxymora and Contradiction" at Languaging: The Ninth Annual Conference on Language and Literature. University of North Texas.

M. THE PHILOSOPHY AND DESCRIPTION OF HUMANISM

1. 1995 article published on the definition of "humanism."

2. See also section on "humanistic feminism."

3. Gave paper on humanism at the Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht, Netherlands.

4. Wrote several articles on humanistic aesthetics and in my 1995 book, Emotion in

Aesthetics.

5. Published 1994 article on humanistic art.

6. As a result of my reputation and publications in philosophy, I was invited to and did adjudicate a Ph.D. dissertation on Gandhi for the University of Kerala, Trivandrum, South India (1994).

N. HUMANISTIC FEMINISM

1. Wrote numerous recent articles on humanistic feminism.

2. Delivered two papers on feminism at a national Women's organization, Women's Freedom Network Conference (1995), and one at the Philosophy of Science Dept., University of Leiden, 1990. Paper delivered at the Study of European Ideas Conference at the Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht, Netherlands. Aug. 20, 1996, on "Antipatriarchal Feminism vs. Humanistic Feminism: The New Ideological Conflict." The End of Ideologies and the Return to Ethics" Session of the Fifth Conference of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas. Talk was accepted for publication in the book of Conference Proceedings.


Problem: To avoid enculturation.

Problem: To avoid emotional dysfunctionality.

Problem: To develop the best emotions possible.

Problem: To live the most aesthetic life possible.

Problem: To achieve the deepest thought possible.

Solution: Study Philosophy

 


In our culture we all have ideas of our own.

 

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